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To assess for male infertility related to disorders such as obstruction, testicular failure, and atrophy.
Semen from ejaculate specimen collected in a clean, dry, glass container known to be free of detergent. The specimen container should be kept at body temperature (37°C) during transportation.
(Method: Macroscopic and microscopic examination)
|Color||White or opaque|
|Appearance||Viscous (pours in droplets, not clumps or strings)|
|Clotting and liquefaction||Complete in 15–20 min, rarely over 60 min|
|Sperm count||Greater than 15 million/mL|
|Total sperm count||Greater than 39 million/ejaculate|
|Motility||At least 40% at 60 min|
|Vitality (membrane intact)||At least 58%|
|Morphology||Greater than 25%–30% normal oval-headed forms|
|The number of normal sperm is calculated by multiplying the total sperm count by the percentage of normal forms.|